The overall aim of the study is to present the significant difficulties faced by organisers in Austria and the United Kingdom when setting up and running a European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI), to analyse possible solutions and to put forward recommendations for consideration during the ongoing review of Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 on the citizens’ initiative with a view to improving the ECI as an effective tool for participatory democracy in the EU. The present study draws on desk research and stakeholder consultation, including interviews with ECI organisers from Austria and the UK as well as representatives of official bodies in both member states.

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